Sub-Surface Target Detection

ICriminals and terrorists are employing sophisticated techniques in an attempt to conceal their contraband. Burying caches of weapons and explosives is not a new concept. It is known that terrorists around the world communicate the latest techniques and methods. Magnus Ranstorp in his book, Understanding Terrorism Innovation and Learning: Al-Qaeda and Beyond when describing primary drivers of [terrorist] innovation states: “Bomb-making know how from the virtual world, training camps, learning by doing. Strategic partners equates to state-sponsorship, i.e. Iranian EFP charges.”


           Many canines are not trained in sub-surface detection techniques:

  •  Typical training involves the detection of airborne molecules from hidden targets.

    Molecules from buried targets can change:

  •  Research has shown that molecules can be altered as they are transmitted through the sub-surface structure.


Canines must be taught using the buried target odors rather than airborne scent during training if they are to be capable of detecting buried targets. A traditionally trained canine cannot locate sub-surface targets through airborne scent. Alternatively, a canine trained in sub-surface target detection can locate both airborne and sub-surface targets. This latter method of training represents a tremendous benefit to trainers, customers, and the general population. I have developed, and utilized, propitiatory techniques to train canines in methods of buried target detection.

The results of my training protocols and the program will demonstrate that canines can be imprinted and trained in the successful detection of buried targets as part of their routine training.

  • Increased canine capability
  • Reduced risk of missing sub-surface targets
  • Integrated protocols into maintenance training
  • Developed for initial imprinting or/and in additional training